A number of test are available for the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. Two or more of these tests purchased as part of this bundle will be discounted.
- Curly Coat Dry Eye Syndrome associated with the FAM83H gene
- Episodic Falling associated with the BCAN gene
Curly Coat Dry Eye Syndrome
Congenital keratoconjunctivitis sicca and ichthyosiform dermatosis (CKCSID) is more commonly referred to as ‘‘curly coat dry eye syndrome’’. The disease is congenital; puppies are born with an abnormally rough/curly coat and are usually smaller than littermates. Affected dogs have reduced production of aqueous tears (keratoconjuncitivits sicca commonly called “dry eye”), a tacky mucoid discharge around their eyes and ulceration of the cornea in severe cases. They also have persistent scaling of the skin (ichthyosiform dermatosis) causing them to scratch.
The disease is progressive and beings to affect footpads and teeth. It is difficult to manage, and many owners choose to euthanise affected dog’s due poor quality of life.
Episodic Falling (EF) is a paroxysmal exertion-induced dyskinesia. It is usually exercise, excitement or stress-induced and episodes begin between three to seven months of age. EF is a disorder of the muscles that causes increased muscle tone and muscle spasticity (especially those of the limbs) resulting in limbs that appear “locked” in an extended position and dogs are unable to relax their muscles. This muscle spasticity results in a characteristic “praying” position and/or collapse. Episodes can last from a few seconds to a few minutes, and dogs appear fully conscious throughout.